Medical

COVID-19 vaccine study has good news for people with multiple sclerosis

COVID-19 vaccine study has good news for people with multiple sclerosis

Researchers with the University of Pennsylvania have good news for people who have multiple sclerosis and are taking anti-CD20 treatment -- though their antibody response triggered by the vaccine may be low, their bodies are still able to produce "robust T-cell responses" against the SARS-CoV-2 virus. As a result, the researchers say MS patients receiving the anti-CD20 treatment should still get the COVID-19 vaccines.

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Stem cell breakthrough treats dog hip problems by regrowing cartilage

Stem cell breakthrough treats dog hip problems by regrowing cartilage

As a dog ages, it may develop arthritis -- and, depending on the breed, it may experience particularly severe issues with its hip joints, potentially requiring a resurfacing implant. In the future, this process may be far less invasive while offering better results than conventional treatments. Key to the newly detailed process are stem cells.

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Study finds chewing gum has benefits after heart surgery

Study finds chewing gum has benefits after heart surgery

The new study has investigated the benefits of chewing gum after heart surgery and found it might help with gut problems post-surgery. Researchers discovered that chewing gum after heart surgery could help the digestive tract begin working quicker and allow patients to be discharged sooner than those who don't chew gum. Sirvan S. Seng, one of the study researchers, said that there was no previous work investigating the use of chewing gum for recovery in heart patients.

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Study finds firefighters at the World Trade Center are more likely to develop cancer

Study finds firefighters at the World Trade Center are more likely to develop cancer

Today marks 20 years since terrorists attacked the United States on September 11, 2001. Those attacks killed many innocent Americans who were simply going about their day. While the tragedy in human lives was great, we also saw some stunning acts of heroism, particularly from first responders, including firefighters, who rushed towards the site of the attacks to help, many ultimately losing their lives.

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Columbia preps clinical trial for opioid vaccine targeting addiction

Columbia preps clinical trial for opioid vaccine targeting addiction

Researchers with Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons will lead a new clinical trial involving a vaccine that may help treat opioid use disorder. Though medications are available to help those with opioid addiction overcome the problem, relapses are very common -- something a long-lasting vaccine may help prevent.

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Oxford prepares human trial for combo cancer vaccine and immunotherapy

Oxford prepares human trial for combo cancer vaccine and immunotherapy

A potentially powerful anti-cancer vaccine combined with immunotherapy is headed to human trials later this year. The work comes from the Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and the University of Oxford, which reported on Friday that the vaccine showed promise in tests involving mice with tumors. The cancer vaccine shows more promise than cancer immunotherapy on its own.

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Pfizer RSV vaccine candidate Phase 3 trial will focus on older adults

Pfizer RSV vaccine candidate Phase 3 trial will focus on older adults

Pfizer has announced the third phase of its RSV vaccine candidate clinical trial for older adults. The company is calling the trial's third phase 'RENOIR,' noting that it involves giving its RSVpreF vaccine candidate to adults ages 60 and older. The company anticipates enrolling around 30,000 participants for Phase 3 RENOIR in order to study the vaccine's efficacy and safety.

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Bionic arm communicates with the brain of the wearer

Bionic arm communicates with the brain of the wearer

Researchers from Cleveland Clinic have taken a bionic prosthetic arm and rewired it to communicate with the brain of an amputee. The goal was to create a prosthetic that functions more like a natural limb and provides the user with feeling. Researchers on the project constructed their prosthetic device using an off-the-shelf product.

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A new smart helmet can determine stroke severity and type

A new smart helmet can determine stroke severity and type

One of the biggest keys to recovery for stroke victims is early and quick treatment. If the blood clot that caused the stroke can be treated quickly enough, it's possible to restore full functionality to the patient in many instances. The goal is to diagnose and treat patients within the first hour of having a stroke to give them the best chance of recovering.

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NIH kicks off extra COVID-19 vaccine dose trial with autoimmune patients

NIH kicks off extra COVID-19 vaccine dose trial with autoimmune patients

The National Institutes of Health has announced the start of a new trial that involves giving a third COVID-19 vaccine dose to individuals with autoimmune diseases. The trial will also look into the possibility of 'pausing' autoimmune treatments that involve immunosuppressive drugs to see whether doing so will improve antibody response against the SARS-CoV-2 virus.

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Rice University researchers create a shirt that monitors the heart

Rice University researchers create a shirt that monitors the heart

Many people who exercise like to keep an eye on their heart rate for several reasons. Typically this means they have to wear a smartwatch or a chest strap. However, researchers at Rice University have developed a smart shirt to monitor the heart rate without needing any type of wearable device. Researchers developed a shirt using conductive carbon nanotube thread woven into standard apparel.

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MIT developed a new delivery tool for drugs that could eliminate injections

MIT developed a new delivery tool for drugs that could eliminate injections

Researchers have been working to develop something called monoclonal antibodies to help fight disease and illness. A monoclonal antibody is a protein designed to mimic the immune system of the human body. This type of treatment can be used to fight various disease conditions, including some types of cancer and autoimmune disease.

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