medical

Humans have a new organ and it’s been there for ages

Humans have a new organ and it’s been there for ages

You’d think that, by now, scientists would have gotten every body part identified and classified. But as the eternal mystery of the appendix proves, there are still parts of our body we have failed to grasp. Take for example the news that we have a new organ. No, we didn’t grow one over the decades as part of evolution (though some would wish we indeed grew more hands or arms). No, we’ve had the mesentery for as long as we had intestines, but it’s only now that it’s being raised to the status of “organ” from “anonymous tissue structure”.

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Nikon to help fight diabetes-related eye diseases with optical engineering expertise

Nikon to help fight diabetes-related eye diseases with optical engineering expertise

Nikon has announced it's teaming up with Verily, the company previously known as Google Life Sciences, to help improve the detection of diabetes-related eye diseases — diabetic retinopathy and macular edema, two of the leading causes of adult blindness. The camera giant will contribute its imaging technology to Verily's machine learning, with a goal of increasing early detection, giving patients enough time to get to a doctor before losing all eyesight.

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New medical ‘breathalyzer’ detects diseases via a patient’s breath

New medical ‘breathalyzer’ detects diseases via a patient’s breath

A new type of medical technology can detect 17 different diseases by ‘sniffing’ an afflicted patient’s breath, according to the American Chemical Society. The technology was inspired by the now-dated diagnoses method used by doctors before the advent of modern medical labs — sniffing a patient’s breath for signs of a particular disease. The technology is essentially a disease breathalyzer.

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Researchers develop nanodiscs to deliver personalized cancer therapy

Researchers develop nanodiscs to deliver personalized cancer therapy

Researchers from the University of Michigan have reported success in cancer research with mice using a new delivery method for therapies called nanodiscs. The researchers were able to use the nanodiscs to deliver a customized therapeutic vaccine for the treatment of colon and melanoma cancer tumors. Personalized immunotherapy is a growing field of research for cancer treatments.

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Ebola outbreak fears in Africa squashed as new vaccine proves effective

Ebola outbreak fears in Africa squashed as new vaccine proves effective

The last major Ebola outbreak that struck in West Africa several years back may be the last such outbreak in history as a new vaccine has proven effective in preventing infection. During that last outbreak there was no vaccine and over 11,000 people died from the vicious disease among the almost 30,000 people that were infected with Ebola.

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Breakthrough non-surgical treatment or low-risk prostate cancer uses light therapy

Breakthrough non-surgical treatment or low-risk prostate cancer uses light therapy

Professor Mark Emberton has pioneered a new non-surgical treatment for low risk prostate cancer that uses light therapy to kill cancer cells. The breakthrough treatment is being used in a clinical trial that includes 413 patients right now. Emberton is the Dean of UCL Medical Sciences and a consultant urologist at UCLH.

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Alzheimer’s treatment might someday just use flickering LEDs

Alzheimer’s treatment might someday just use flickering LEDs

Alzheimer’s disease is a growing cause for concern in the world today. In the US alone, about 5 million people are reported to be affected. And that number is predicted to grow even more in the very near future. And as there is no known cure for it, Alzheimer’s patients and their families are left to resort to treatments that are usually expensive and, in the long run, only temporary. Researchers at MIT, however, may have come across a possible new mode of treatment that shows promising results. And it involves nothing more than flashing LEDs lights at eyes.

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Drone blood deliveries deemed safe: emergency aerial transport is feasible

Drone blood deliveries deemed safe: emergency aerial transport is feasible

Researchers with Johns Hopkins University have determined that blood bag transport via drone is safe, according to a new university release. The team looked at both the cellular integrity and the temperature of the blood throughout the transportation process, finding that both were positive and the transported blood was safe to use. Such findings help pave the way for emergency blood transportation via drones.

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Scientists discover link between gut microbes and Parkinson’s disease

Scientists discover link between gut microbes and Parkinson’s disease

Medical researchers in California have made a breakthrough in understanding Parkinson's disease. The discovery was made while performing animal research and a direct link between the brain disorder and a bacteria living in the gut has been found. The scientists hope that the discovery could someday lead to new treatments for the disease by focusing drugs on killing the gut bacteria or via the use of probiotics.

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Chinese researchers inject human with cells editing using CRISPR-Cas9 technique

Chinese researchers inject human with cells editing using CRISPR-Cas9 technique

Testing of new medical breakthroughs in the US take a very long time to move from animal trials into human trials. In China a group of researchers led by oncologist Lu You at Sichuan University in Chengdu have become the first in the world to inject cells into a person that were edited using the CRISPR-Cas9 technique. The person who was injected with the cells is suffering from an aggressive lung cancer and the injection was part of a clinical trial at West China Hospital in Chengdu.

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Brain implant allows paralyzed monkeys to use legs again

Brain implant allows paralyzed monkeys to use legs again

Researchers have been working on ways to help the paralyzed regain control over their bodies for a very long time and a team has now made an potentially life changing breakthrough for paralyzed humans. Researchers at the Ecole polytechnique federale de lausanne (EPFL) in Switzerland have been able to give paralyzed monkeys control over their legs again using brain implants. So far testing has been conducted on two rhesus macaques that underwent implantation within two weeks of being injured.

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Harvard researchers create 3D printed heart-on-a-chip with sensors inside

Harvard researchers create 3D printed heart-on-a-chip with sensors inside

Researchers at Harvard University have created the very first entirely 3D printed organ-on-a-chip and the technique could open the door for more complex and customizable devices in the future. The heart-on-a-sensor chip has integrated sensing and was constructed using fully automated digital manufacturing procedure that allows for fast fabrication and customization.

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