One of the tenets of net neutrality is that all Internet data should be treated equally. In practice, this means ISPs shouldn’t give one kind of data preference over another. In other words, they shouldn’t throttle data based on what they are. With net neutrality dead (except in California), consumer advocates fear that carriers are already taking advantage of their new found freedom. That is pretty much the implication in a recently published study that points out how popular video streaming services like YouTube and Netflix are being throttled by nearly all US carriers, big or small.