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T-Rex study shows how terrifying dinosaurs’ jaw truly was

T-Rex study shows how terrifying dinosaurs’ jaw truly was

A study on the Tyrannosaurus rex, one of the most widely-known and loved dinosaurs in our short history, shows that this beast had a magnificent set of chompers. T-rex is shown by paleontologist Dr Stephan Lautenschlager to possess a sustained muscle force for a wide range of jaw angles. T-rex and a couple of other theropod dinosaurs were studied, showing the maximal jaw gape of the beloved thunder-lizard's jaw to be a whopping 63.5-inches. And that's not even the widest a theropod's jaw got.

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Hubble Spots The Final Frontier

Hubble Spots The Final Frontier

This week scientists have published images of the faintest and earliest known galaxies in the Universe. These are the frontiers of the Big Bang, the edges of our Universe - beyond which, we have no knowledge. Some of the galaxies spotted in these galaxy clusters were formed just 600 million years after the Big Bang. To put that in perspective, our own Solar System is thought to have been formed between 8.5 to 9 BILLION years after the Big Bang - the galaxy clusters NASA and the ESA have spotted here are far, far older than we are.

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Dinosaur eggs change perceptions of blood connections to birds

Dinosaur eggs change perceptions of blood connections to birds

A new study on dinosaur eggs sheds light on a 150-year-old debate over the warm- or cold-bloodedness of the thunder lizard. Late Cretaceous titanosaurid eggshells were studied and contrasted with oviraptorid eggshells, both of which yield clumped isotopes that allowed scientists to compare thermophysiology of these extinct species to their modern-day counterparts. With these studies, determinations can be made on the body temperatures of females during periods of ovulation. Body temperatures of these species indicate that, as the study suggests, "not all dinosaurs had body temperatures in the range of that seen in modern birds", dousing previous suspicions of the opposite.

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This massive furry rodent outlived the dinosaurs

This massive furry rodent outlived the dinosaurs

Scientists discover ancient furry creature that outlived the dinosaurs asteroid-and-volcano induced extinction. Just when you think whatever killed the dinosaurs must have been a total live-destroying extinction level event, a tiny rodent arrives. This beaver-like creature was discovered by scientists in northwestern New Mexico's badlands. Its name is Kimbetopsalis simmonsae, and the example found in New Mexico was around 3-feet long (right around 1-meter). This creature did end up going extinct itself in the late Palaeocene, but before then it went on to reach weights up to 100kg - 220 pounds!

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Mammoth bones found by farmer in Michigan

Mammoth bones found by farmer in Michigan

This week the bones of a wholly mammoth have been found in a field by a farmer in Michigan. The bones are said to have been found when farmer James Bristle and a friend were digging to place drainage tiles. Once Bristle realized what they'd hit wasn't an old fence post, and instead a bone from an animal he didn't recognize, he contacted Professor Dan Fisher of the Museum of Paleontology at the University of Michigan, who said he'd be "right out."

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How did the dinosaurs die? Scientists have a new theory

How did the dinosaurs die? Scientists have a new theory

A new study appears to put to rest decades of debate over which extinction level event caused the death of the dinosaurs. A paper published this week in the AAAS journal Science suggests that it's not just one event that caused the destruction of the dinosaurs, but two. Not just volcanic eruptions, and not just the impact of an asteroid or comet, but both. The impact of a massive comet or asteroid appears to have accelerated a number of volcanic eruptions which - over the course of many years - made it impossible for dinosaurs to survive on our planet.

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Accurate dinosaur color patterns detected (again)

Accurate dinosaur color patterns detected (again)

Dr Jakob Vinther began study on the colors of dinosaurs many years ago. His first study showed the color of the animal you'll see below this paragraph - a dinosaur by the name of Anchiornis huxleyi. This is the first accurately-colored dinosaur in the world, based on fossil melanin. The method used with study started back in 2006 included animals with feathers. Now a new study has surfaced (also including Vinther) that further substantiates the idea that melanin remains well-preserved enough to reconstruct color patterns on ancient animals - like dinosaurs.

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1,500-Year-Old Mosaic Map Reveals Byzantine Israel

1,500-Year-Old Mosaic Map Reveals Byzantine Israel

The Israel Antiquities Authority has announced that a lost mosaic map has been found in the the southern Israeli town of Kiryat Gat. The initial find was made 2 years ago, while the full restoration was initiated - and completed - in that time. Now the archeologists involved in the project are prepared to make the find fully public. The mosaic map measures around 11.4-feet (3.5-meters) square, and was found in what was the floor of a church standing back in the Byzantine period.

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John F. Kennedy Peace Capsule opened after 50 years

John F. Kennedy Peace Capsule opened after 50 years

As promised, the John F. Kennedy Peace Capsule was unearthed this week. The capsule was filled with treasures and buried back in 1965; it wasn't supposed to be opened until 2065, a full hundred years after it was buried. Local officials decided to cut that time in half, though, digging the time capsule up a full 50 years ahead of schedule. As it turns out, that was probably the best decision they could have made.

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Scientists uncover New World’s first decapitation

Scientists uncover New World’s first decapitation

A 9,000 year old human skull has been found with a pair of limbless hands cover its face in Brazil. The international team of researchers who've uncovered this head suggest that it is the oldest case of decapitation in the history of the New World. This skull was first discovered back in 2007 and has only now been confirmed to have been a case of decapitation. The original find was made at Lapa do Santo, an archaeological site in the Lagoa Santa karst in east-central Brazil. This site is known for its confirmed evidence of human occupation dating back around 11,000 years.

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Alaskan duck-billed dinosaur find spurs physiological mystery

Alaskan duck-billed dinosaur find spurs physiological mystery

A set of duck-billed dinosaur bones has been found in an environment where it'd never previously been discovered. All the way up in Northern Alaska, at Colville River, at a site called the Prince Creek Formation. "The finding of dinosaurs this far north challenges everything we thought about a dinosaur’s physiology," said Florida State University professor of biological science Greg Erickson and his colleagues. "It creates this natural question. How did they survive up here?" Also, is this the same Hadrosaur we already know and love?

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Homo naledi, a human-like species, discovered in South Africa

Homo naledi, a human-like species, discovered in South Africa

A cave in South Africa has lead researchers to 15 partial skeletons contained in a burial chamber. This is the largest discovery of its kind to happen in Africa, but is notable for a far more important reason: the discovery is of a new human-like species called Homo naledi, and it could change current understanding of human evolution.

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