paleontology

Paleontologists find newly hatched pterosaurs may have been flight-ready

Paleontologists find newly hatched pterosaurs may have been flight-ready

Human babies are markedly different from most newly born creatures in the animal kingdom. Human babies are unable to care for themselves, requiring their parents to provide for all their needs. By contrast, many creatures in the animal kingdom are ready to run and function very shortly after birth. One of the great mysteries paleontologists have been working to solve is if a type of flying dinosaur called a pterosaur could fly as soon as they hatched.

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Paleontologists describe a new iguanodon-like dinosaur

Paleontologists describe a new iguanodon-like dinosaur

A group of researchers has discovered and described in new iguanodon-like dinosaur. The new species of dinosaur was identified from a jawbone fossil discovered in Spain. The dinosaur was likely a 6 to 8-meter long herbivore closely related to species found in modern-day China and Niger. The discovery represents a new styracosternan ornithopod genus and species and was described based on the right dentary of a single specimen from the early Cretaceous, early Barremian period.

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Fossilized ancient ostrich eggshell shines a light on extreme climate change

Fossilized ancient ostrich eggshell shines a light on extreme climate change

The ostrich has been around for thousands of years, and researchers have found evidence in ancient ostrich eggshells about extreme climate change that faced the ostrich and the early ancestors of humans. In the research, scientists found parts of the interior of South Africa that are dry and sparsely populated today were wetland and grassland between 250,000 and 350,000 years ago. Those time frames match a key time in human evolution.

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Scientists say climate change impacted the body and brain size of humans

Scientists say climate change impacted the body and brain size of humans

Researchers led by the University of Cambridge and Tübingen published a new study that looks at the changing climate and how it impacted the body size of Homo sapiens and our ancient ancestors. Researchers gathered measurements from brain and body size of over 300 fossils from the genus Homo that have been discovered across the globe. Combining data on the body and brain size of ancient humans along with reconstructing the world's regional climates over the last million years, scientists say they have pinpointed specific climates experienced by each fossil while it was living.

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Scientists have discovered a peculiar dinosaur that breathed differently than any other

Scientists have discovered a peculiar dinosaur that breathed differently than any other

Paleontologists have recently discovered something very interesting about an extinct dinosaur and the way it breathes. The image seen below depicts the creature, called the Heterodontosaurus tucki, breathing on a cool morning. Researchers found unusual rib and sternum bones in an extremely well-preserved fossil skeleton of the Heterodontosaurus tucki.

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Paleontologists discover new extinct pseudo-horse species

Paleontologists discover new extinct pseudo-horse species

In modern times there are only a handful of mammals that belong to the same family as the horse, including horses, donkeys, and zebras. However, millions of years ago, hypomorph mammals were much more diverse than they are in modern times. Paleontologists have now discovered two new extinct pseudo-horse mammals that lived about 37 million years ago.

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Scientists discover fossilized shark teeth in an unexpected area

Scientists discover fossilized shark teeth in an unexpected area

Scientists have discovered a cache of fossilized shark teeth in an area where they shouldn't be. The fossils were discovered in a 2900-year-old site within the City of David in Jerusalem. Researchers say the shark teeth were discovered at least 80 kilometers from where they would be expected to be discovered. They have no conclusive proof for why the cache was assembled, but they believe the fossilized shark teeth could be part of a collection assembled by someone in ancient times.

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Paleontologists describe beetles found in dinosaur feces

Paleontologists describe beetles found in dinosaur feces

Paleontologists have described for the first time an insect only found in fossilized dinosaur feces. The team found the tiny beetle, called Triamyxa coprolithica, with a few near-complete specimens and numerous isolated body parts in fossilized dinosaur feces. The near-complete specimens and numerous body parts allowed vertebrate paleontologists and entomologists to piece together a complete reconstruction of the Triassic beetle and understand its relationship to modern beetles.

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Study finds dinosaurs lived and reproduced in the Arctic

Study finds dinosaurs lived and reproduced in the Arctic

A new study has been published by researchers from Florida State University that challenges the notion that ancient dinosaurs were cold-blooded creatures that required tropical temperatures to survive. Paleontologists from Florida State University and the University of Alaska Fairbanks published a new study finding that nearly all types of dinosaurs, ranging from small and bird-like creatures to the massive Tyrannosaurus, not only reproduced in the Arctic but lived there year-round.

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Scientists discover a massive new dinosaur in Australia

Scientists discover a massive new dinosaur in Australia

Paleontologists have discovered a new type of dinosaur in Australia that is gigantic. The dinosaur is longer than a basketball court and is called Australotitan cooperensis. It's a new species of giant sauropod dinosaur from Eromanga Southwest of Queensland. Australotitan, or the southern Titan, has been scientifically described and named by Queensland Museum and Eromanga Natural History Museum paleontologists.

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A park ranger in California discovered a petrified forest filled with fossils

A park ranger in California discovered a petrified forest filled with fossils

A park ranger in California was working in a petrified forest and discovered a treasure trove of prehistoric fossils. Among the fossils discovered at the site are an exceptionally well-preserved mastodon skull and the remains of a massive salmon that weighed 400 pounds. Paleontologists are saying that this is one of the most significant fossil finds in all of California.

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South African cave holds the oldest evidence of human activity in existence

South African cave holds the oldest evidence of human activity in existence

There's a cave in the South African desert called Wonderwerk Cave that is one of the only sites in the world that has evidence of continuous archaeological records spanning millions of years. The name of the cave means "miracle" in Afrikaans. Researchers have identified the cave as potentially the earliest cave occupation in the world, and it shows signs of some of the earliest interactions between human use of fire and tools.

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